Baradari at Shalimar Gardens Lahore

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Mughal architecture was scintillatingly ornate and full of artistic motives. The climatic conditions of the subcontinent made them to engage in setting large spaces into green and lush gardens watered by ingenious methods. Mughals were very fond of entertainment and the architecture of their times invariably contained built structures with plenty of openings for maximising the impact of entertainment.

The most potent design devised by the Mughals was known as Baradari that was a building or pavilion with 12 doors designed to allow free flow of air. The symmetrical division of the structures emphasised that their opening should be multiple and the figure 12 was the most appropriate way of doing so as it covered three angles in equal four-squarish sides. The structure had three doorways on every side of the square-shaped structure.

Baradari provided outstanding acoustic features and such buildings were particularly well-suited for closed-end entertainments that were covered yet open to avoid congestion. Such structures were well-suited for live performances and private concerts by various musicians and poets in front of the rulers and their court.

Lahore was known as the city of gardens and one of the oldest gardens is the historical Shalimar garden construction in 1641 during the reign of Mughal emperor Shahjahan. Shalimar garden was made for the recreation of the royal family during their visit to Lahore and it contains an outstanding Baradari built specially for this purpose. It is an exquisite structure that stands apart as a sturdy edifice surrounded by water. It gives a riveting effect and is extremely attractive. It attracts large number of visitors who enjoy its energising surroundings. TW

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